The history of Djibouti is recorded in poetry, songs, and folklore of its nomadic people and goes back thousands of years to a time when Djiboutians traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt, India, and China.
Through close contacts with the Arabian peninsula for more than 1,000 years, the Somali and Afar ethnic groups in this region became among the first on the African continent to adopt Islam.
Located on the Horn of Africa, Djibouti was an important trade center for both the Arabian Peninsula and Eastern Africa. By the thirteenth through sixteenth centuries there were frequent power struggles between the Christian Abyssinians (Ethiopians) and Muslim sultanates in the region.
By the seventeenth century the Afar and Issa people were the majority of residents in the city.
Djibouti City is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Djibouti.
Its contemporary population is estimated at 624,000, which is about 70% of the population of the entire nation. Zelia, a port city east of present day Djibouti in what is now Somalia, was the first settlement in the region. E., it developed as a site of the silver and slave trade and was inhabited by both the indigenous Afar people and by immigrants from Arabia.
The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden.Two major developments to unfold in the coming years signal Africa’s growing strategic importance, especially the Horn of Africa (Ho A). military helped Ethiopian troops in their rapid assault against Somalia’s Islamic Courts Union, and in January 2007 American planes bombarded southern Somalia near the Kenyan border to unofficially strike an al-Qaeda site. On the military and counter-terrorism level, Washington’s policy is clear: make sure that grey zones—the African "ungoverned spaces"—do not become a breeding ground for al-Qaeda.As of October 1, the African continent came under the auspices of a newly created U. military command, AFRICOM, establishing one staff responsible for affairs with the 53 African states ( military action in Ho A more than showed the need for a dedicated military command to counter al-Qaeda’s presence and operations in the region. Dating back to the 1990s, bin Laden and his organization have had operational ties to eastern Africa; first with Sudan, then of course in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. Yet, despite the conventional wisdom decreeing al-Qaeda’s desire to operate in failed states, recently declassified Harmony documents illustrate the serious challenges that the terrorist group has faced while operating in Somalia.Its area is 8,960 square miles (23,200 square kilometers).The soil is rocky and sandy and lies on volcanic layers.French interest developed in the nineteenth century when the area was ruled by the sultan of Raheita, Tadjoura and Gobaad.