In the 1940s under the rule of King Faisal II of Iraq, a real Iraqi cinema began.Supported by British and French financiers, movie production companies established themselves in Baghdad.Iraq is bordered by Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, and the Persian Gulf.Baghdad was the name of a village that the Arabs chose to develop as their capital and is in the central plains.Oil resources also allowed the government to increase the support for an Iraqi Historical Association linked with sister organizations across the Arab world and Europe.Iraqi historians and archivists struggled to maintain a balance between survival in an increasingly repressive regime and their commitment to their profession.The looting and destruction of Iraq's cultural heritage during the first weeks of the coalition force's occupation of Iraq has elicited an outpouring of concern and galvanized specialists across disciplines into action.1 Initial reports coming out of Iraq in April reported destruction of near catastrophic proportions.
The National Museum of Iraq was founded in the late 1920s.
Unlike many Arab countries, Iraq embraces and celebrates the achievements of its past in pre-Islamic times.
What is now Iraq was once the Cradle of Civilization in Ancient Mesopotamia and the culture of Sumer, where writing and the wheel were invented.
Modern Iraq covers almost the same area as ancient Mesopotamia, which centered on the land between the Tigres and the Euphrates Rivers.
Mesopotamia, also referred to as the Fertile Crescent, was an important center of early civilization and saw the rise and fall of many cultures and settlements.