It is also one of only two sites in southern Australia and one of only seven locations in Australia to demonstrate such antiquity (cf. This paper describes the find and confirms the urgent need for (1) systematic archaeological and palaeoecological research on the Quaternary dunes in this region, and (2) conservation and protection of these fragile open sites.
The area was probably inhabited by either the Banggarla or Nuguna Aborigines prior to European settlement.
The area was first explored by Matthew Flinders who came up the Spencer Gulf in 1802.
Having discovered no supplies of fresh water in the Port Augusta area Flinders then departed to complete his epic circumnavigation of the Australian continent.
By 1852 South Australian colonists had settled in Port Augusta and the town soon became a thriving commercial centre and port, serving the needs of pastoralists in the truly vast hinterlands to the north.